Following the 1971 Bangladesh War, the Bangladesh government publicly designated the thousands of women raped by the Pakistani military and their local collaborators as birangonas, (“brave women”). Nayanika Mookherjee demonstrates that while this celebration of birangonas as heroes keeps them in the public memory, they exist in the public consciousness as what Mookherjee calls a spectral wound. Dominant representations of birangonas as dehumanized victims with disheveled hair, a vacant look, and rejected by their communities create this wound, the effects of which flatten the diversity of their experiences through which birangonas have lived with the violence of wartime rape. In critically examining the pervasiveness of the birangona construction, Mookherjee opens the possibility for a more politico-economic, ethical, and nuanced inquiry into the sexuality of war.
In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Zubaan office and online store will remain closed until further notice. All orders have been shipped.
We are also suspending the internship programme this year. No interviews have or will be held. We thank you for all your applications and have read each and every one. Should the public health crisis improve in the coming months, we will revisit the option of opening the programme.
Please email email@example.com for urgent matters.